Women have been identified as potential employees in the ornamental fisheries sector in several countries (Lee, 2005; Jayashankar 1998 and Bertram 1996). Many women in India, especially in rural areas, have taken up ornamental fish farming or animal husbandry as a profession (Sahoo et al. 2011). Women are encouraged to explore ornamental fish farming as it requires only a few simple techniques and minimal investment.
A garden pond or a small place to set up aquariums can allow women to carry out operations while balancing household responsibilities and useful roles in society. Ornamental fish have a higher unit value than food fish. As a result, this sector offers an incredible opportunity for rural and urban households to supplement their incomes. In India, almost all ornamental fish bred in aquariums come from small-scale or backyard farms. These units, however, we are unable to produce ornamental fish species demanded in the global market due to a lack of proper infrastructure and essential inputs such as proper feeds, increasing broodstock, etc. The ornamental fish trade depends on a reliable and sufficient network. the supply of demand, which can only be met by mass breeding (Satam et al. 2018).
Backyard cultivation system
Grow tanks include cement tanks, all-glass aquariums, earthen ponds, and even earthen pots. Cement cisterns are commonly used in the yard or on the roof by landless urban and suburban farmers. A modest lifting unit can make do with two or three cement tanks (approximately 3m x 2m x 1m). To facilitate drainage, cisterns are built above ground level. Since heaters and aerators can be used indoors, all-glass aquariums are recommended for breeding. Small earthen tanks can be used by farmers to raise juveniles with edible fish. To cultivate the larvae and juveniles, marginal farmers even use huge earthen pots 1.5 m in diameter.
Backyard technologies are usually provided for them. Women’s participation in aquaculture extension and training programs has not been prioritized (Acharya and Benneth, 1982). According to several case studies, women can also manage integrated farms such as floricum and fish farming, duck and fish farming, poultry and fish farming, etc. The domestic rearing of ornamental fish requires relatively little space, skill or time and can improve the financial situation of the household.
Empowering women through ornamental farmyard plants
Empowering women may be the most important technique for improving their status. The best technique for empowering rural women and enabling them to escape poverty will be determined by local economic, cultural and political situations. The empowerment of rural women can be significantly enhanced by improving their employment in income generating activities such as aquaculture. Female beneficiaries of the Women’s Empowerment Program receive training and supplies to raise fish fry to produce fingerlings in backyard ponds as a part-time job to supplement their family’s income.
Women as entrepreneurs can make a significant contribution to the nation’s gross product. They contribute to the creation of employment opportunities for women who need them. They can pass on to their children and other women a sense of financial independence. Overall, it raises the standard of living of women’s groups, which leads to an increase in self-esteem. Women are well suited to this ornapreneurial path due to their inherent patience, but only if properly trained. Significant work is needed to unlock the existing and latent ornapreneurial empowerment of people in this sector.
Acharya, M. and Bennett, L., 1982. Women and the Subsistence Sector: Economic Participation and Household Decision-making in Nepal (World Bank Staff Working Papers No. 526).Washington, DC: World Bank.
Bertram, I. (1996). Aquarium Fisheries in the Cook Islands – Is there a need for management? Secretariat of the Pacific Community Live Reef Fish Information Bulletin 1: 10-12.
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Jayasankar, P., 1998. Ornamental Fish Culture and Trade: Current Status and Prospects.Fishing chimes,17(12), p.9-13.
Lee, KYK, 2005. Ornamental fish trade in Singapore, Paper presented at the Ornamental Fish Export Conference, April 4, 2005.MPEDA and INFOFISH.
Sahoo, PK, Dash HK and Biswal. J. (2011). Promoting ornamental fish farming through the participation of women: some ideas.
https://genderaquafish.files.wordpress.com/2011/06/28- abstract 8affgaf2-prabathi-k-sahoo.pdf. Accessed July 11, 2015.
Sarma, D., Bhagawati, K., & Akhtar, MS Livelihood security through aquaculture in Assam.
Satam, SB, Sawant, NH, Ghughuskar, MM, Sahastrabuddhe, VD, Naik, VV, Pagarkar, AU, Chogale, ND, Metar, SY, Shinde, KM, Sadawarte, VR and Sawant, AN, 2018. Ornamental fisheries: a new avenue to supplement farm income.Journal of Advanced Agricultural Research and Technology,2(2), pp.193-197.
Jham Lal1*Devati2 and Tameshvar2
1College of Fisheries, Lembucherra, Central Agricultural University, Imphal
E-mail: [email protected]